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Ochre sea star afflicted with wasting syndrome

Ochre sea star afflicted with wasting syndrome


Sea Star Wasting Syndrome Reaches Santa Barbara County

Mysterious Illness Quickly Turns Shoreline Creatures into Sludge


Thursday, November 7, 2013
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During an ocean dive Thursday morning off the coast of Santa Cruz, Pete Raimondi watched two halves of a broken sea star ravaged by a “wasting syndrome” walk away from each other. Not long after, they would turn into mushy piles of goo, disintegrated by a disease that has so far perplexed scientists.

Raimondi, a UCSC ecology professor, first spotted sea stars wasting away near the remote Alaskan island of Sitka this summer. Now, after months of collecting data and tracking the disease’s spread, it appears the syndrome is impacting as many as 10 sea star species up and down the West Coast, wiping out entire populations in certain areas and threatening to upset the balance of delicate intertidal ecosystems. On September 25, an affected giant sea star was found at Goleta Beach; on October 2, a sick pink sea star was discovered near More Mesa Beach.

So far, biologists haven’t been able to pinpoint the disease’s trigger, unsure whether it’s caused by a virus, bacterial infection, environmental factors, or some combination thereof. While Raimondi, his team, and a group of UCLA scientists are in the middle of a massive effort to map where the disease has established shoreline footholds, researchers at Brown and Western Washington universities are studying its pathology and root cause.

The disease typically starts as lesions on the animals’ bodies followed by the decay of surrounding tissue. While sturdier sea stars may be able to survive for days before they become deflated and eventually break apart, some are dessicated in a short period of time. “They can go from great to pieces in 12 hours,” said Raimondi. Sea stars are normally able to grow new limbs, but with the wasting syndrome, the wounds don’t heal and creep into the animals’ vital areas.

Raimondi said members of his group recently visited beaches in San Luis Obispo and found every one of the seven observed sites infected. They plan to do a comprehensive search throughout Santa Barbara County in the next two weeks.

This year’s outbreak is not the first for the West Coast. In 1983, there was a major die-off in Southern California that virtually erased ochre sea stars from tide pools. There was another die-off in 1997, but on a smaller scale. At the time, scientists theorized that the wasting syndrome was catalyzed by the warm waters of those two El Niño years: Sea stars prefer cooler waters, explained Raimondi, so warm temperatures can negatively impact their health and lead to infected wounds. Plus, bacteria proliferate and spread better in higher temperatures. But right now, the Pacific Ocean is in the middle of a cooling trend, so biologists are at a loss to explain the outbreak.

Raimondi is quick to point out that the full extent of the die-offs remains to be determined and that the impact probably won’t reach disaster levels. “We’re not talking about the loss of a species,” he said. “They’ll come back.” But there’s real worry, Raimondi went on, about disruptions in the food chain if sea stars are suddenly eliminated from intertidal areas. “Sea stars are voracious predators” he said, explaining ochre sea stars eat mussels and keep their numbers thinned so other species can attach to the rocks on which they live.

Comments

Independent Discussion Guidelines

Radiation?

loonpt (anonymous profile)
November 7, 2013 at 7:53 p.m. (Suggest removal)

Seems too severe and sudden for Fukushima radiation (at least just yet), and also occurred in 1983 and 1997.

UC Santa Cruz updates / map / tracking & documenting:

Pacific Rocky Intertidal Monitoring: Trends and Synthesis
Sea Star Wasting Syndrome
http://www.eeb.ucsc.edu/pacificrockyi...

JohnTieber (anonymous profile)
November 8, 2013 at 7:44 a.m. (Suggest removal)

wounder if he bacteria hitched a ride down from alaska on the hull of a cruise ship?

blue61 (anonymous profile)
November 8, 2013 at 9:36 a.m. (Suggest removal)

blue61 wrote:
"...bacteria hitched a ride..?..."

Interesting, as an increasing concern about the Fukushima debris, some of which has already hit Alaska and the Pacific Northwest, is the non-native sea organisms it's carrying.

Excerpt below is from:
1 million tons of Fukushima debris floating near US West Coast?
http://rt.com/usa/fukushima-debris-is...

"At first we were only thinking about objects like the floating docks, but now we’re finding that all kinds of Japanese organisms are growing on the debris," [stated] John Chapman of the Marine Science Center at Oregon State University...

"We've found over 165 non-native species so far," he continued. "One type of insect, and almost all the others are marine organisms … "

JohnTieber (anonymous profile)
November 8, 2013 at 10:27 a.m. (Suggest removal)

Same syndrome that has so happily befallen Republican, Teatard, & religious fundamentalist brains.

Draxor (anonymous profile)
November 8, 2013 at 2:50 p.m. (Suggest removal)

the sarah syndrome?

blue61 (anonymous profile)
November 8, 2013 at 5:07 p.m. (Suggest removal)

My money is on man-made cause. We can't keep dumping our sewage, waste from chemical plants, oil and plastics into the oceans without disastrous effect.

chilldrinfthenight (anonymous profile)
November 8, 2013 at 7:41 p.m. (Suggest removal)

I would guess it's something in the food source. If it were environmental one would think other species would show some kind of illness as well.

Num1UofAn (anonymous profile)
November 10, 2013 at 11:52 a.m. (Suggest removal)

I found a healthy 30 animal colony of abalone this year and another juvenile colony, I certainly hope the abs don't get hit again. This is not good news for the starfish.

howgreenwasmyvalley (anonymous profile)
November 11, 2013 at 8:11 a.m. (Suggest removal)

Sea Stars today, Human's tomorrow.....

dou4now (anonymous profile)
November 13, 2013 at 8:59 a.m. (Suggest removal)

Get the latest update from Dr. Pete Raimondi about the sea star wasting disease and its connection to Fukushima (March 2014): http://youtu.be/uXPd4i2OV2I #ThankYouOcean

OceanGirl (anonymous profile)
March 4, 2014 at 3:04 p.m. (Suggest removal)

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